Chemistry

From Broglie


Louis-Victor-Pierre-Raymond, 7th Duke of Broglie, was a French physicist of a noble family born in Dieppe on August 15, 1892.

He began studying History and Letters, but influenced by his brother Maurice de Broglie, experimental physicist of the time, began to be interested in problems of physics and mathematics.

He studied x-rays with his brother and later completed his doctorate in this area. In this paper, de Broglie introduces the theory of electron waves, which includes the theory of wave-corpuscle duality. The electron has wave and matter behavior. His study is based on the ideas of Max Planck and Albert Einstein.

From this work comes a new area of ​​physics, the wave mechanics. In 1928, he was appointed professor of theoretical physics at the University of Paris. De Bloglie receives the Nobel Prize in Physics for his dualistic work in 1929.

In 1933, he became a member of the Paris Academy of Sciences. In 1924, he was appointed lifetime secretary for the mathematical sciences. In 1944, he joined the French Academy and four years later was elected a foreign member of the United States National Academy of Sciences.

Towards the end of his career, he develops a causal explanation of quantum mechanics, as opposed to the probabilistic view that dominates quantum mechanics. In 1950, this theory was refined by David Bohm. Today it is known as Bohm Interpretation. Louis de Broglie died on March 19, 1987 in Paris.