Fritz Strassmann was a chemist and physicist born on February 22, 1902 in Boppard, Germany. It was important for his research in the area of radioactivity.
He studied at Hanover, Technical University, and became a doctor in 1929, where he received his Ph.D. Strassmann helped develop the method of radioactive dating used in geochronology.
Together with Lise Meitner and Otto Hahn, she discovered nuclear fission in 1938. After this discovery, Lise had to leave Germany because she was Jewish. For this reason, the group of scientists broke up.
He also worked with his nephew Otto Robert Frish. With Otto, he produced barium by bombarding uranium with neutrons.
During World War II, Strassmann and Hahn continued to study nuclear physics. With the end of the war Strassmann became professor of inorganic chemistry and nuclear chemistry at the University of Mainz.
He was director of the Institute of Chemistry at the University of Mainz and in 1966 won the Enrico Fermi Prize.
He was considered, in the scientific world, wronged by the Swedish academy because the 1944 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was only for Otto Hahn, leaving aside Otto Frish, Lise Meitner and him.
He died in Mainz, West Germany, on April 22, 1980.