Chemistry

Luigi Galvani


Luigi Galvani was a scientist and doctor, born September 9, 1737, in Bologna, Italy. His contribution to chemistry was in the area of ​​electrochemistry, in the development of batteries. He was a doctor's son.

Studied Letters and Philosophy at the University. He graduated in Philosophy and Medicine in 1759. He studied chemistry and natural history at the University.

In 1761, he was a member of the Academy of Sciences at the Bologna Institute. He was a professor of anatomy. He was a university lecturer in Medicine in 1768 which was later replaced by Practical Anatomy. He was also a professor of Obstetrics in 1782. He lectured in a theater and at his home. He set up a laboratory to carry out his experiments.

In 1756, he made studies and discovered the so-called animal electricity. He discovered that the legs of a dead frog contract when fastened to an iron table by metal hooks. Galvani suspected that the animal's muscles produced this current. The scientist Alessandro Volta at the time disagreed with Galvani's work.

Today, the instrument that measures electric current is called a galvanometer in honor of Galvani. And galvanization is the name given to the process of coating a metal with another metal. Also the galvanic cells.

In 1762, he married Lucia Galeazzi, daughter of his teacher. Concludes his doctoral thesis this same year. In 1772, he becomes president of the Bologna Academy of Sciences.

Galvani died in poverty on December 4, 1798, before enjoying his reinstatement as emeritus pensioner professor for his contributions to science.